Egypt (militant groups / Sinai Peninsula),
Libya (opposition)
BICC Human Rights Assessment
BICC Illicit Arms Trade Risk
Conflict Detail Descriptions
Egypt (militant groups / Sinai Peninsula):
The Egyptian government is in armed conflict, predominantly against the Islamic State (IS), which takes place mostly in the Sinai Peninsula. There have been reports of human rights violations committed by the Egyptian military in North Sinai. An EU arms embargo has been in place since August 2013. This arms embargo includes “any equipment which might be used for internal repression”. In contrast to general arms embargoes, this arms embargo is not legally binding and the frame has become unclear. Egypt is ranked as having one of the highest risks in relation to government corruption in the defence sector.,
Libya (opposition):
Years after the fall of Ghaddafi during the Arab Spring, Libya is in the midst of a civil war. Since then, government troops on one side and the fighters of General Chalifa Haftar have been facing each other there. The government is supported with arms supplies by Turkey and Qatar, Haftar's troops by Egypt, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Russia. According to the UN, deliveries have continued since then and the arms embargo against Libya is completely inefficient. The embargo was established due to systematic violation of human rights, including repression of demonstrators by the government.